Clear as mud; does confusion reign in the field of autism spectrum disorder diagnosis? (And yes! – we prefer ‘condition’ too!) But here’s why ‘disorder’ is often used, for autistic individuals… (ICD 10 / DCM-5)
“Autism may be the most confusingly diagnosed and labelled condition across the entire world…”
Whilst we aim to be positive here at Spectra.blog, there’s so much that’s frustrating about the state of autism diagnosis, currently! Or rather, there are inconsistencies and misunderstandings, as well as disparities, in terms of different clinicians, authorities, countries and territories, and their protocols. It’s no wonder that people new to the world of autism information are left feeling confused.
ICD-10 – UK
For example – a national (UK) training body offering a nationally-recognised autism qualification confidently maintains in 2018 that the three main autism diagnoses are ‘severe’, ‘high functioning,’ and ‘Asperger’s Syndrome’.
Meanwhile (and CONVERSELY), the ICD-10, the most commonly-used diagnostic manual in the UK, lists Childhood Autism, Autistic Disorder, Atypical Autism and Asperger Syndrome, as well as the still-clumsy ‘Pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified’, as the categories.
DCM-5 – USA
Meanwhile in America, within the DCM-5 diagnostic manual, clinicians use the broad term Autism Spectrum Disorder, but with a numerical note of severity, and / or the additions of ‘With or without accompanying intellectual / language impairment,’ dividing the ‘severities’ from 3 to 1. (e.g ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder level 1’ is seemingly akin to an Asperger’s-type diagnosis, under the ‘older’ system).
To further confuse things, in real terms, there’s seemingly very little diagnostic difference between High Functioning Autism (HFA) and Asperger Syndrome. The differentiating factor is whether or not developmental and language delays were seen in infancy, but in all honestly, that’s surely often subjective, based on familial memories?
In any case, someone already diagnosed with HFA doesn’t necessarily accept that they are similar in diagnosis to Asperger’s, and vice versa.
Another point is the functioning labels, (mild, severe, high functioning, low functioning), which DCM-5-using clinicians now tend to omit, but that many people still use conversationally (as do, as discussed, some training providers of autism courses / qualifications).
Furthermore – what about the situation we alluded to at the start – that many people aren’t happy with the reference to ‘disorder’ in autism spectrum disorder, preferring ‘condition’? A great, valid point, but with BOTH diagnostic tools using ‘disorder’, how else is an individual to find out info and information, without searching for the correct diagnostic term?!
All in all, it is an extremely confusing situation – but perhaps with the UK’s imminent arrival of ICD-11, everything will become clearer? Forgive us for what is essentially a blog in the style of a rant – but so many people, ourselves included, are frustrated and a little confused! Autism may be the most confusingly diagnosed and labelled condition across the entire world!
A little disclaimer – here at Spectra.blog we don’t claim to be experts about Autism Spectrum Conditions / Disorders; the information we post here is based purely on our own exposure and experiences.
If you fancy some more ‘ranty content, you may also like –
‘Is Autism’s Triad Of Impairments outdated? (ASC / ASD / Asperger’s) – and ‘Them V Us – disparity in the autism spectrum condition ranks (ASD/ASC/Asperger’s).’